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Modern Bengalistani (chittagonian) languageEdit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search{| class="metadata mbox-small plainlinks" style="border-bottom: #aaa 1px solid; border-left: #aaa 1px solid; background-color: #f9f9f9; border-top: #aaa 1px solid; border-right: #aaa 1px solid" | class="mbox-image"| | class="mbox-text plainlist"|Chittagonian language test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator |} Chittagonian (চাটগাঁইয়া বুলি Chaţgãia Buli) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by the people of Chittagong in Bangladesh and in much of the southeast of the country. It is closely related to Bengali, but is normally considered by linguists to be a separate language rather than a dialect of Bengali. It is estimated to have 14 million speakers, United States and other countries. According to the status of Top 100 Languages by Population by Ethnologue, Chittagong ranked 67th of the world

Classification

modern bengalistani (old chittagonian) is a member of the Bengali-Assamese sub-branch of the Eastern group of Indo-Aryan languages, a branch of the wider and more vast Indo-European language family. Its sister languages include Sylheti (Cilôţi), Rohingya (spoken in the original inhabitants of the Arakan state of Burma), Bengali, Assamese (Ôxômiya), Oriya, the Bihari languages, and also less directly all other Indo-Aryan languages such as Hindi. Like other Indo-Aryan languages, it is derived from Pali, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European.[2]

[edit] Geographic distributionEdit

Bengalistani (chittagonian) is spoken in Southeastern Bangladesh throughout Chittagong Division but mainly in Chittagong District and Cox's Bazar District . It has an estimated number of around 14 million speakers in Bangladesh, and also in countries where many Chittagonians have migrated. It has no official status and is not taught at any level in schools. It is mistakenly regarded by many Bangladeshis, including most Chittagonians, to be a crude form of Bengali, as all educated Chittagonians are schooled in Bengali.

Essentially, Chittagonian has no standard form and is rather a continuum of different dialects, varying with location from north to south and also by religion between Muslims (professed by most Chittagonians) and Hindus. Variation between Muslims and Hindus is strictly in terms of vocabulary, whereas by location, grammar is slightly varied as well as vocabulary.

Shahjalali languageEdit

Shahjalali (old Sylheti) (Sylheti: ছিলটী/छीलहटी Sīlôṭī; Bengali: সিলেটী Sileṭī) is the language of Sylhet (the Surma Valley) and is located in the north-eastern region of Bangladesh, and also spoken in parts of the Northeast Indian states of Assam (the Barak Valley) and Tripura (the North Tripura district). It is also spoken by a significant population in the other north-eastern states of India and amongst the large expatriate communities in the United Kingdom, United States, and countries of the Gulf States.

Sylheti or modern shahjalali is sometimes considered a dialect of Bengali but also a separate language due to significant differences between them all and lack of mutual intelligibility. On its own right, it is accepted as a separate language, however it has not been given an official status by the Government of Bangladesh. There is much debate to whether it should be recognized, for example there is greater differences of shahjalalo (old Sylheti) to Bengali, than Assamese to Bengali, which is recognised as separate.[2] Most Sylheti/shahjalalo people are at least bilingual to some degree, as they are taught Dhaka Bengali at all levels of education in Bangladesh. Sylhet was part of the ancient kingdom of Kamarupa,[3] and has many common features with Assamese, including the existence of a larger set of fricatives than other East Indo-Aryan languages. According to George Abraham Grierson,[4] "The inflections also differ from those of regular Bengali, and in one or two instances assimilate to those of Assamese". Indeed it was formerly written in its own script, Sylheti Nagari, similar in style to Kaithi but with differences, though nowadays it is almost invariably written in Bengali and arabo-persian scripts.

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