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Modern Panjistani (fomer names: Pothwari,Western Pahari, Dhanni, Mirpuri, Northern Panjabi, sometimes even called Northern lahnda).


In 1919, Grierson maintained that the dialects of what is now the southwest of Punjab Province in Pakistan constitute a dialect cluster, which he designated "Southern Lahnda" within a putative "Lahnda language". Some Indo-Aryanist linguists have confirmed the reality of this dialect cluster, even while sometimes rejecting the name "Southern Lahnda" along with the entity "Lahnda" itself.[13][14] However, outside of Indo-Aryanist circles, the concept of "Lahnda" or "Lahndi" is still found in compilations of the world's languages.

There is a tendency for some discussions of the  Lahnda  clusters (Souhtern, Westren and Northern) and their emerging standard literary languages to incorrectly include dialects or languages spoken farther north, in particular Hindko (peshwari/kohati) and modern Panjistani (pothwari/mirpuri), as well as Seraiki (multani).

This error is due to confusing Saraiki (Grierson's "Southern Lahnda") with Grierson's larger category of Lahnda, within which Grierson included dialects spoken north of the Salt Range, now called Hindko and modern Panjistani (Potwari, Mirpuri) ascertined by Mohammd Afzal of London UK.

While the more northern dialects are considerably similar to Saraiki in linguistic structure, starting with Grierson they have been recognised as definitely distinct from the dialect cluster spoken south of the Salt Range.

Pages in category "Emergnce of modren panjistani langague."

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